By Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig
This groundbreaking research examines the profits, contradictions, and frustrations of twenty-first century prodemocracy struggles throughout Southern Africa.
Three best Africa students examine the social forces riding the democratic transformation of postcolonial states throughout southern Africa. broad learn and interviews with civil society organizers in Zimbabwe, South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Namibia, and Swaziland tell this research of the demanding situations confronted by way of non-governmental firms in bearing on either to the attendant inequality of globalization and to grassroots struggles for social justice.
About the Authors:
Peter Dwyer is a coach in economics at Ruskin university in Oxford.
Leo Zeilig Lecturer on the Institute of Commonwealth experiences, collage of London.
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Extra resources for African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence
We explore the impact of such policies, and social movement responses to them, in the remainder of this volume. It will suffice to state here that, amid the brief international hegemony of neoliberalism in the 1990s, social movements in general and trade unions in particular failed to articulate any ideological alternative to such policies. Their capacity to respond effectively to new waves of economic liberalization was hampered both by this and by the significant decline in trade union membership and formal-sector employment that was the result of the implementation of these policies.
7_all pages 6/12/12 2:08 PM Page 25 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND THE WORKING CLASS IN AFRICA 25 a class can fail to live up to its potential in this regard, because the social and political context may prevent it from discovering what role(s) it can play. In that sense, the actual role that a class plays in a given movement is not structurally determined. Therefore, we wish in particular to reject any attempt to identify social movements which are (and are not) authentically representative of “the people” or of a particular class: such a tendency is redolent of older structurally determined positions which prescribed to the working class or the “peasantry” a role in a preconceived revolutionary movement.
The second was triggered by the first wave of structural adjustment programs imposed by the IMF and World Bank but often implemented “voluntarily” by African governments from the late 1970s onwards. 7_all pages 6/12/12 2:08 PM Page 28 28 AFRICAN STRUGGLES TODAY oppositional, pulling in new and old social forces alike. The third wave, which extended into the late 1990s, broadened economic grievances into political ones and can be credited with the most thorough political transformation of the continent since the 1960s independence movements.
African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence by Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig