Read e-book online Algebraic groups and lie groups with few factors PDF

By Alfonso Di Bartolo, Giovanni Falcone, Peter Plaumann, Karl Strambach

ISBN-10: 3540785833

ISBN-13: 9783540785835

ISBN-10: 3540785841

ISBN-13: 9783540785842

Algebraic teams are handled during this quantity from a bunch theoretical viewpoint and the got effects are in comparison with the analogous concerns within the concept of Lie teams. the most physique of the textual content is dedicated to a type of algebraic teams and Lie teams having basically few subgroups or few issue teams of other sort. particularly, the range of the character of algebraic teams over fields of optimistic attribute and over fields of attribute 0 is emphasised. this is often published through the plethora of 3-dimensional unipotent algebraic teams over an ideal box of confident attribute, in addition to, by means of many concrete examples which hide a space systematically. within the ultimate part, algebraic teams and Lie teams having many closed general subgroups are determined.

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34 3 Groups of Extreme Nilpotency Class It is easy to see that γ1 and γ3 define endomorphisms of the additive group Ga and that γ1 = 0 precisely when γ is surjective. Compute now r γ((x0 , x1 )(y0 , y1 )) = γ(x0 + y0 , x1 + y1 + x0 y0p ) r = (γ1 (x0 + y0 ), γ2 (x0 + y0 ) + γ3 (x1 + y1 + x0 y0p )). On the other hand we find γ(x0 , x1 )γ(y0 , y1 ) = (γ1 (x0 ), γ2 (x0 ) + γ3 (x1 ))(γ1 (y0 ), γ2 (y0 ) + γ3 (y1 )) = s (γ1 (x0 ) + γ1 (y0 ), γ2 (x0 ) + γ3 (x1 ) + γ2 (y0 ) + γ3 (y1 ) + γ1 (x0 )γ1 (y0 )p ) r s forcing −δ 1 γ2 (x0 , y0 ) = γ3 (x0 y0p ) − γ1 (x0 )γ1 (y0 )p .

Then we have 2 2 θ(x, y) = (x + xp )(y + y p )p − xy p − xp y p = xp y p + xy p . e. H2 (Ga , Ga ) is not a right End(Ga )-module. Moreover, if p > 2 then we have xp y p = 12 [(x + y)2p − x2p − y 2p ] ∈ B2 (B, A), thus θ is equivalent to η2 . On the other hand, for p = 2 we have x2 y 2 = Φ1 (x, y)2 , thus θ is equivalent to Φ21 + η2 . 7 Remark. The above computation shows that in characteristic 2 it can happen that the factor set ηk g does not belong to the left End(A)-submodule 18 2 Extensions M generated by the set {ηj : j = 1, 2, · · · }.

In fact, a homomorphism f : X1 = Cn1 /Λ1 −→ X2 = Cn2 /Λ2 lifts to a unique homomorphism fˆ : Cn1 −→ Cn2 of C-vector spaces such that fˆ(Λ1 ) ≤ Λ2 . 8) where Pi is a period matrix of Xi (i = 1, 2) and where we have identified ρa (f ) and ρr (f ) with the matrices corresponding to the chosen basis of Cni . 8) are called Hurwitz relations (cf. [1], p. 8). 1 Proposition. A homomorphism f : X1 −→ X2 is an isogeny if and only if ρa (f ) and ρr (f ) are square matrices with non-zero determinant. In this case there exists an isogeny g : X2 −→ X1 with f g = l idX2 and gf = l idX1 where l = |ρr (f )|.

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Algebraic groups and lie groups with few factors by Alfonso Di Bartolo, Giovanni Falcone, Peter Plaumann, Karl Strambach


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