By Domenico Bonamonte, Gianni Angelini
This well-illustrated quickly reference booklet, now in its moment variation, is a accomplished consultant to the aquatic dermis ailments brought on by biotic and non-biotic noxae. it's going to support the dermatologist in spotting and treating a bunch of unusual stipulations which are however progressively expanding in occurrence due to wider use of the hydrosphere for vacation, game, and occupational actions all year long. past the thorough exam of the dermatoses because of a variety of organisms reminiscent of jellyfish, sea anemones, echinoderms, molluscs, algae, aquatic worms, and fish, recognition is interested in power systemic reactions, that are severe or perhaps deadly. moreover, the total spectrum of wound infections and reactions because of microscopic organisms populating the aquatic surroundings, e.g., mycobacteria, streptococci, Aeromonas, and vibrios, is taken into account. eventually, exact cognizance is paid to the various different stipulations associated with salt or freshwater touch, together with aquagenic urticaria and pruritus, chlorine inflammation, touch dermatitis from swimming or diving gear, surfer’s nodules, and chemical conjunctivitis. Aquatic Dermatology should be a short connection with enhance wisdom of the aquatic atmosphere and its dangers, and a useful gizmo to clinicians and pros practising in coastal and marine areas.
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Additional resources for Aquatic Dermatology: Biotic, Chemical and Physical Agents
23 Figured atrophic and dyschromic outcome of reaction to jellyfish 146] has already been demonstrated. This last jellyfish arrived in the Mediterranean in the 1980s, coming from the Red Sea through the Suez Canal. It is also possible to observe jellyfish that have come in from the oceans to the Mediterranean, especially on the west coasts, at some periods of the year. Chrysaora quinquecirrha (“sea nettle”), present in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, has a bell diameter of about 6–25 cm and a smooth exumbrella; in adults it generally has 40 tentacles that can extend up to 3–4 m [25, 26].
The local pain and burning are sometimes intolerable and systemic reactions, such as malaise, weakness and muscular cramps, are nearly always present. 5) (Figs. 53). No cases of fatal reactions to sea anemones have been reported in the literature. We have observed two cases of systemic reactions. The first was a 9-year-old boy, who presented an erythemato-oedematous dermatitis with configured lesions on the flexural surface of the right thigh (Figs. 55) . The lesions were an agglomerate of erythematous, oedematous and vesico-bullous stripes; the erythema, which was bright red with a purpuric imprint, had fairly distinct outlines.
Irukandji syndrome can consist of severe low back pain, tremors, muscle cramps in all 4 limbs, abdominal and chest pain, anxiety, sweating, nausea, vomiting, headache and palpitations [168, 172, 173]. Life-threatening hypertension (up to 300/150 mmHg), tachycardia, pulmonary oedema and toxic global heart dilatation require admission to the intensive care unit. Depending on the species responsible, there may be pain but no hypertension . Death due to intracerebral haemorrhage secondary to severe hypertension has been reported .
Aquatic Dermatology: Biotic, Chemical and Physical Agents by Domenico Bonamonte, Gianni Angelini