Atmospheric Boundary Layers: Nature, Theory, and Application by Alexander Baklanov, Branko Grisogono, A. Baklanov, B. PDF

By Alexander Baklanov, Branko Grisogono, A. Baklanov, B. Grisogono

ISBN-10: 0387743189

ISBN-13: 9780387743189

ISBN-10: 0387743219

ISBN-13: 9780387743219

This quantity provides peer-reviewed papers from the NATO complicated study Workshop on Atmospheric Boundary Layers held in April 2006. The papers are divided into thematic periods: nature and concept of turbulent boundary layers; boundary-layer flows: modeling and purposes to environmental protection; nature, conception and modeling of boundary-layer flows; air flows inside of and above city and different advanced canopies: air-sea-ice interplay.

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Extra resources for Atmospheric Boundary Layers: Nature, Theory, and Application to Environmental Modelling and Security

Example text

Recall that in using LES we have the advantage of fully controlled conditions, which is practically unachievable in field experiments. We give here one example: dealing with LES data we are able to distinguish between data for the ABL interior, z < h (indicated in our figures by dark grey points) and data for z > h (indicated by light grey points). As seen in Fig. 3, although turbulence is observed at much larger Ri. 25 46 S. S. Zilitinkevich, I. N. Esau (Zilitinkevich et al. 2007b). These two are just the regimes typical of the ABL and the free atmosphere, respectively.

This result deserves discussion. 25. However, as demonstrated in Sects. 1 and 3 this conclusion is erroneous. Note that the linear dependences, M ∼ H ∼ z/L, were traditionally derived from the heuristic “z-less stratification” concept, which postulates that the distance from the surface, 30 S. S. Zilitinkevich et al. Fig. 6 Dimensionless vertical gradients of (a) mean velocity, k T zτ 1/2 H = −Fz kz M = τ 1/2 ∂U , and (b) potential tempera∂z ∂ ture, ∂z , versus z/L, based on our local closure model [solid lines plotted after Eq.

Dark- and light-grey points show LES data within and above the ABL, respectively; heavy black points with error bars are bin-averaged values of Ri [from Fig. 3 of Zilitinkevich and Esau (2007)]. Solid line is calculated after Eqs. (41), (55) and (65) with n= 4/3 Consequently, our model applied to the steady-state, homogeneous regime in the surface layer, is consistent with the similarity theory of Monin and Obukhov (1954). Given τ and Fz , this model allows us to determine z/L dependencies of all the dimensionless parameters considered above, as well as the familiar similarity-theory functions specifying mean velocity and temperature profiles: ∂U ∂z M ≡ kz τ 1/2 H ≡ k T zτ 1/2 −Fz = kT ≡ ∂ ∂z Ri (z/L) Rif (z/L) 2 k Ri f ≡ kT z , L z L Pr T Ri f k Rif (z/L) = z L ≡ kT Ri Ri2f z , L (67a) z L (67b) where k is the von Karman constant expressed through our constants by Eq.

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Atmospheric Boundary Layers: Nature, Theory, and Application to Environmental Modelling and Security by Alexander Baklanov, Branko Grisogono, A. Baklanov, B. Grisogono

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