By Theodoros I. Zachariadis (auth.), Theodoros I. Zachariadis (eds.)
This quantity comprises articles from prime analysts and researchers on sustainable transportation, who offer serious reflections on how automobile-related weather regulations have developed during the past in Europe and all over the world, in view of the generally well-known have to considerably cut back international emissions of greenhouse gases within the coming a long time. Authors describe the guidelines that have been most appropriate, define their financial and social implications, current luck tales whereas seriously reviewing much less profitable examples, and recommend concepts to decarbonize passenger transportation on an international scale.
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Additional resources for Cars and Carbon: Automobiles and European Climate Policy in a Global Context
The Netherlands expected a stronger reduction of 11% in car use from their earlier intended pricing policy (MuConsult 2009). When taking a closer look at congestion, it is necessary to distinguish between the time loss caused by traffic jams and the unpredictability of the trip time. The variable journey time caused by congestion seems to be a greater nuisance than the average time loss itself. If we know that a certain trip always takes, say, 10 min longer during rush hour than during quiet hours, we can adapt our travel behavior.
E. excluding international shipping and air travel). These relative shares of energy use have remained fairly stable over the past 15 years as underlying growth 3 The Importance of Passenger Cars for Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions . . 5 Fig. 1 World transport energy use by mode, 1971–2006 in activity, such as the rapid growth in air transport, has been offset by increases in efficiency. Nearly 97% of energy use in LDVs around the world is petroleum-based. 1 Recent Trends in Passenger Travel Though data for many countries are unavailable, the IEA Mobility Modelling (MoMo) project has developed a large data base on vehicle sales and stock numbers, travel mode shares, and related data for many countries and on a regional level, also providing global totals (IEA 2009).
Even this lower level of growth represents nearly a doubling of world LDV sales from today’s levels. In addition, the types of vehicle sold vary considerably between scenarios. In the Baseline and BLUE Shifts scenarios, two thirds of the new LDVs sold in 2050 are still conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, with the remaining third hybrids. In the BLUE Map scenario, by 2050 over half of the vehicles sold are EVs and FCVs, powered by electricity and hydrogen respectively. In the BLUE Map scenario, changes over time are based on the projected evolution of technology potential and cost, described later in the chapter.
Cars and Carbon: Automobiles and European Climate Policy in a Global Context by Theodoros I. Zachariadis (auth.), Theodoros I. Zachariadis (eds.)