Stephen Turnbull's Chinese Walled Cities 221 BC-AD 1644 (Fortress) PDF

By Stephen Turnbull

ISBN-10: 1846033810

ISBN-13: 9781846033810

It's been acknowledged in China urban with out a wall will be as unimaginable as a home with no roof. Even the smallest village consistently had a few kind of protecting wall, whereas the nice Wall of China was once an try and construct a barrier alongside the main susceptible border of the complete kingdom. but the best examples of walled groups have been China's walled towns, whose protecting structure exceeded something alongside the nice Wall. This booklet strains the evolution of the walled urban from the 3,000 yr outdated is still of the crushed earth partitions of the Shang dynasty to the large stone fortifications of the Ming dynasty. Stephen Turnbull, specialist army historian, unearths the shielding constructions from the entire significant historical chinese language towns, and discusses how they secure whole groups, and never simply fort dwellers, with colour paintings reconstructions, maps and archive images.

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Get Chinese Walled Cities 221 BC-AD 1644 (Fortress) PDF

It's been stated in China urban with out a wall will be as unattainable as a home with out a roof. Even the smallest village at all times had a few type of protective wall, whereas the good Wall of China was once an try and construct a barrier alongside the main weak border of the whole state. but the best examples of walled groups have been China's walled towns, whose protective structure handed whatever alongside the nice Wall.

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Additional info for Chinese Walled Cities 221 BC-AD 1644 (Fortress)

Sample text

Suzhou: the city on water Suzhou, which dates from 514 BC when it was the capital of the State of Wu in the Spring and Autumn Period, possesses a unique water gate and canal defences round the Panmen at the south-western corner of the old city. The gate was rebuilt in AD 1351 and renovated under the Ming. Here the Grand Canal swings east, its waters joining up with those from the sluices of the double gateway system. The Panmen is actually a combination of a land gate and a water gate. The water gate is divided into two sections, each made of granite.

9m. 3m deep. Both openings are wide enough to allow two boats to pass through. Four large stone columns stand on a platform of layered bricks supporting an arched roof. The land gate is also of two sections. Pingyao: the great survivor Few places in the world deserve the title of ‘unique’, but this adjective can certainly be applied to the fortified city of Pingyao, China’s great survivor. 33 The Panmen at Suzhou is a unique gate complex consisting of a land gate and a water gate, topped with an ornate gate tower.

Passing through he would head north along an avenue that separated the walled Temple of Heaven in the east from the Temple of Mountains and Rivers to the west. After crossing the Tianqiao (Heavenly Bridge) the road narrowed as it approached the complex fortified structure of the Zhengyangmen. Nowadays it presents the appearance of two unconnected towers, but once a semicircular wall like a barbican, through which were three passages, joined the two together. The central entrance was used only by the emperor, and it was from Zhengyangmen that the Ghongzhen Emperor bade farewell to Li Jiantai, the Secretary of the Grand Council who set out with an army to quell the uprising of the rebel leader Li Zicheng.

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Chinese Walled Cities 221 BC-AD 1644 (Fortress) by Stephen Turnbull

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