By Kerry ten Kate
During this authoritative and finished quantity the authors clarify the provisions of the conference on organic variety (CBD) on entry and benefit-sharing, the impact of nationwide legislation to enforce those, and features of regular contracts for the move of fabrics. they supply a special sector-by-sector research of the way genetic assets are used, the clinical, technological and regulatory tendencies, and different markets for items utilizing biotechnology.
desk of Contents
2. Regulating entry to Genetic assets and Benefit-Sharing: The criminal facets
three. common Product and the Pharmaceutical
four. The Botanical medication
five. the improvement of significant plants by way of the Seed
7. Crop defense
eight. Biotechnology in Fields except Healthcare and Agriculture
nine. The usual own Care and Cosmetics
10. and the CBD
invaluable Contacts and assets of data
Bibliography (Page 364-373)
Bibliography (Page 374-383)
study method and crew
Read Online or Download Commercial Use of Biodiversity - Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing PDF
Similar science & technology books
Specialise in actual technological know-how Grade eight, California [Glencoe/Mcgraw-Hill,2007] [Hardcover]
Explores the underground explanations of normal failures and exhibits how scientists search to avoid wasting lives via figuring out of Earth's wild and stressed geology.
- Chemistry: Matter and Change Challenge Problems
- Temptations in the Office: Ethical Choices and Legal Obligations
Extra info for Commercial Use of Biodiversity - Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing
What happens if a certain proportion of members of a community agree to negotiated terms, but the rest do not? What happens if certain communities break away from umbrella groups that represented t h e m and with whom access agreements were negotiated? Collectors are likely to need help from local experts, for example, from the government, that will require evidence of agreement with these communities prior to approving an access application, or from local NGOs. The PIC procedure Procedures which an applicant for access must follow vary from country to country, but in access regulations such as those in the Philippines and the Andean countries, they generally involve: m submission by the applicant to the competent national authority of a proposal (see below); w (in some procedures) public notification through publication of elements of the proposal in national and local newspapers.
In this way, access laws effectively grant rights to prior informed consent of individuals and organisations with property rights over biological resources and the land where they are found, land-owners and other private citizens, thus granting a level of prior informed consent to private land-owners as well. The challenge for the collector is to identify, at the local level, exactly whose consent is required. 5 Examples of the Challenges of Obtaining Prior Informed Consent and Negotiating Benefit-Sharing a t the Local Level: the Cases of the Peru ICBG and the Kani Agreement with TBGRI ICBG, Peru Kani, India The Peru International Cooperative Biodiverslty Group (ICBG) involves Washington University, several organisations of the Aguaruna and Huambisa communities, the Universidad San Marcos, the Universidad Peruana Cayetano-Heredia in Peru, and Monsanto-Searle Co.
However, Kanis in other Panchayat areas have expressed offence at the fact that TBCRI has not been working with the Kanis from their areas. Some feel the benefit-sharing arrangement is a superficial exercise since the Kanis have neither been consulted nor involved in the exercise. In September 1995, a group of nine medicine men (called flathis) of the Kani tribe wrote a letter to the Chief Minister of Kerala, objecting to the sale of their knowledge to 'private companies'. TBCRI acknowledges that it has not reached out or communicated to all the members of the Kani tribe, but is establishing a Trust to administer the benefit-sharing arrangement as constituted, which may involve more Kanis.
Commercial Use of Biodiversity - Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing by Kerry ten Kate