By Harold E. Doweiko
Doweiko's complete textual content displays the present explosion of knowledge concerning the realizing, id, and remedy of addictive issues. as well as his thorough exam of the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, barbiturates, amphetamines, cocaine, opiates, and hallucinogens, and his strong options for operating with consumers, Doweiko discusses themes usually passed over of alternative books--such as aerosols, steroids, and over the counter analgesics. also, the textual content investigates such salient themes because the variations among abusers and addicts; drug results on young ones, youngsters, and pregnant and nursing ladies; and youngsters of alcoholics--ensuring that scholars achieve a professional's knowing of 1 of the main urgent problems with our time.
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Additional resources for Concepts of Chemical Dependency , Sixth Edition
In both cultures, strict social rules dictate the occasions when these substances might be used, the conditions under which they might be used, and the penalties for unacceptable use. The point to remember is that cultural rules provide the individual with a degree of guidance about acceptable and unacceptable substance use. But within each culture, there are various social groups which may, only to a limited degree, adopt the standards of the parent culture. 1. 1 Relationship between different social groups and the parent culture.
When the cells of the central nervous system are continuously exposed to a chemical, they will often try to maintain normal function by making minute changes in their structure to compensate for the drug’s effects. These cells then become less sensitive to the effects of that chemical, and the person must use more of the drug to achieve the initial effect. If used for a long enough period of time, the major recreational chemicals will bring about a characteristic withdrawal syndrome. The exact nature of withdrawal will vary depending on the class of drugs being used, the length of time the drug is used, and other factors such as the individual’s state of health.
Loss of control: the person will use more of the chemical than he or she intended, is unable to cut back on the amount used, or is unable to stop using it. 3. Consequences: the individual will use the drug regardless of the results of this use. Such consequences might include impairment of social, vocational, or physical well-being as well as possible legal or ﬁnancial problems. Although these criteria provide some degree of consistency between diagnoses, ultimately, the diagnosis of chemical dependency is one person’s opinion about another person’s chemical use.
Concepts of Chemical Dependency , Sixth Edition by Harold E. Doweiko