Diplomacy and Strategy of Survival: British Policy and - download pdf or read online

By Denis Smyth

ISBN-10: 0521090458

ISBN-13: 9780521090452

ISBN-10: 0521228190

ISBN-13: 9780521228190

An research of Britain's diplomatic efforts to maintain the non-belligerency of Franco's Spain, in the course of the interval from past due 1940 to the top of 1941. Making broad use of lately to be had British and Spanish documentary documents, Dr Smyth explains how Britain's uphill fight to safe Spanish non-belligerency were rewarded with good fortune via December 1940. sarcastically, British policy-makers have been blind to the earl), luck in their efforts, in order that they remained alert all through 1940-41 to the chance of unexpected Spanish aid for a German flow throughout their territory to Gibraltar. the belief notes how carrying on with Spanish neutrality helped the British suffer 'their most interesting hour' and the Franco regime to outlive the destruction of its former Fascist buyers.

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Additional resources for Diplomacy and Strategy of Survival: British Policy and Franco's Spain, 1940-41

Sample text

On some points at least, then, Eden's attitudes coincided with those of his Prime Minister, Chamberlain, and other Cabinet colleagues. 93 They more readily interpreted international behaviour Britain and the birth of Franco's Spain, 1936-39 23 by reference to notions of national interest and to alleged personal or national characteristics. This latter tendency only served to reinforce the implicit bias in British policy towards the Francoist camp during the Civil War. 94 Sir Robert Hodgson, Britain's agent to the Francoist administration, from November 1937 until March 1939, made this latter point in an internal Foreign Office memo, on 1 February 1939: should Germany and Italy have done what their detractors assert they have done and profited by Spain's weakness to impose their will upon her, they have been guilty of a miscalculation revealing a strange contempt for the teachings of history.

83 Whatever the subjective and objective factors in Hoare's assessment that Franco could be trusted in practice, if not in principle, he was fortified in defining his policy by the Chiefs of Staff's express declaration that Spain should be kept neutral as long as possible. However, it has been noted already, and 38 Diplomacy and strategy of survival will be stressed again below, that Franco's actual position on Spanish neutrality, rendered him - at least for some of the period under review - a less than reliable agent to effect its continuance.

46 The categorical nature of the assurances that Spain would keep out of the war and resist aggression from any quarter, which the Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs, Colonel Juan Beigbeder Atienza, gave Hoare in the hectic June weeks must have been equally reassuring. 47 Beigbeder, too, coupled Spain's determination to avoid getting embroiled in the war, with Spanish inability to do so in any case. 48 Franco, personally, informed Hoare of his desire for good relations with Britain, on 22 June 1940, and even the politically powerful and fervently anti-democratic Minister of the Interior, Ramon Serrano Suner, told Hoare on 15 June 1940, that Spain would definitely avoid any 'premature action'.

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Diplomacy and Strategy of Survival: British Policy and Franco's Spain, 1940-41 by Denis Smyth


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